INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE STATISTICS - Annual 2015

FBoS Release No: 25, 2016
14th June 2016


imtsDec15a

Provisional data put the value of goods imported in 2015 at $4,363.5 million while the value of total exports was $1,879.3 million. (Refer Graph I).

Compared to 2014, imports and total exports decreased by $649.1 million (12.9%) and $422.9 million (18.4%) respectively.

The 2015 international merchandise trade deficit amounted to $2,484.2 million compared to $2,710.4 million a year earlier.

 

 

HIGHLIGHTS

IMPORTS

 

imtsDec15b

 


The percentage breakdown of major import types as categorized by the Harmonized System (HS) codes are as follows;

Table 1: Major contributors to Imports (FJD Millions)

imtsDec15c

Compared to 2014, the import categories recording notable increases were:

  • Miscellaneous manufactured articles [HS 94-96], up $23.5 million (25.3%) to $116.0 million due to increased imports of furniture, bedding, mattresses, cushions and similar stuffed furnishing;
  • Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, spirits & tobacco [HS 16–24], up $22.3 million (12.2%) to $205.2 million due to increased imports of wine;
  • Textiles and textile articles [HS 50-63], up $15.7 million (8.1%) to $210.0 million due to increased imports of garments and
  • Articles of stone, plaster cement, glass & ceramic products [HS 68-70], up $5.5 million (11.9%) to $51.3 million due to increased imports of panels, board tiles, blocks and similar articles of vegetable fibre of straw or of shaving chips, particles, sawdust or other waste, of wood, agglomerated with cement, plaster or other mineral binders.

Compared to 2014, the import categories recording notable decreases were:

  • Vehicles, aircraft, vessels & associated transport equipment [HS 86-89], down $23.2 million (4.5%) to $493.0 million due to decreased imports of aircrafts;
  • Vegetable products [HS 06-14], down $12.1 million (4.8%) to $242.1 million due to decreased imports of wheat and meslin;
  • Animal or vegetable oils & fats [HS 15], down $16.1 million (26.7%) to $44.2 million due to decreased imports of imitation lard, liquid margarine and shortenings, vegetable oils and fats;
  • Machinery & mechanical & electrical appliances & parts thereof [HS 84-85], down $106.6 million (12.8%) to $724.1 million due to decreased imports of turbo jet, turbo propellers and other gas turbines;
  • Mineral products [HS 25–27], down $400.0 million (28.0%) to $1,030.5 million due to decreased imports of light oils and preparations;
  • Live animals: animal products [HS 01-05], down $67.8 million (18.0%) to $309.8 million due to decreased imports of fresh fish;
  • Photographic & optical, medical & surgical goods & clocks/watches & musical instruments [HS 90-92], down $9.1 million (12.0%) to $67.2 million due to decreased imports of instruments and appliances used in dental science;
  • Chemicals and allied products [HS 28-38], down $11.4 million (4.6%) to $238.6 million due to decreased imports of pharmaceutical products;
  • Plastic, rubber & articles thereof [HS 39-40], down $19.4 million (9.1%) to $194.3 million due to decreased imports of new pneumatic tyres;
  • Wood, cork & articles thereof & plaiting materials [HS 44-46], down $7.0 million (24.2%) to $22.0 million due to decreased imports of other articles of wood;
  • Wood pulp, paper & paperboard & articles thereof [HS 47-49], down $26.3 million (22.4%) to $91.2 million due to decreased imports of corrugated paper and paperboard and
  • Pearls, precious, semi-precious stones & metals [HS 71], down $6.1 million (21.4%) to $22.2 million due to decreased imports of other precious metals whether or not plated or clad with precious metals.

Graph II is relevant.

imtsDec15d

For the year 2015, Fiji’s major sources of imports (Refer Graph III) were:

  • Singapore, down $593.6 million (41.7%) to $831.0 million due to decreased imports of gas oil (diesel);
  • Australia, down $41.5 million (5.8%) to $671.5 million due to decreased imports of wheat and meslin;
  • *China-People’s Republic, up $12.8 million (2.1%) to $636.3 million due to increased imports of canned fish;
  • New Zealand, down $59.6 million (8.7%) to $623.6 million due to decreased imports of milk and cream and
  • Korea, Republic of, up $176.0 million (174.1%) to $277.1 million due to increased imports of gas oil (diesel).

 

 

 


* Imports of fresh fish from China – People’s Republic refer to fish caught outside Fiji’s EEZ (High seas) by fishing vessels identified according to the country of registration.

Import trade with other countries were:

  • China-Taiwan, down $0.5 million (0.6%) to $78.0 million due to decreased imports of fresh fish;
  • Cook Islands, down $0.5 million (93.2%) to $0.01 million due to decreased imports of other flour meals and
    pellets fit for human consumption;
  • France, down $95.1 million (79.7%) to $24.2 million due to decreased imports of aircraft;
  • French Polynesia, down $0.002 million (4.3%) to $0.05 million due to decreased imports of other
    manufactured tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes;
  • Germany, Federal Republic, down $6.6 million (24.2%) to $20.8 million due to decreased imports of
    fertilizers;
  • Hong Kong, down $4.3 million (3.9%) to $106.4 million due to decreased imports of fresh fish;
  • India, down $89.9 million (89.5%) to $10.6 million due to decreased imports of textiles;
  • Indonesia, down $7.8 million (16.2%) to $40.1 million due to decreased imports of soap in other forms;
  • Japan, up $42.1 million (26.1%) to $203.6 million due to increased imports of motor vehicles;
  • Kiribati, down $0.7 million (57.7%) to $0.5 million due to decreased imports of fresh fish;
  • Malaysia, down $83.8 million (47.5%) to $92.5 million due to decreased imports of gas oil (diesel);
  • New Caledonia, up $0.01 million (1.6%) to $0.3 million due to increased imports of miscellaneous
    chemicals products;
  • Papua New Guinea, up $1.7 million (24.5%) to $8.8 million due to increased imports of canned fish;
  • Samoa, up $0.2 million (48.1%) to $0.8 million due to increased imports of personal and household effects;
  • Solomon Islands, up $0.9 million (19.9%) to $5.6 million due to increased imports of canned fish;
  • Thailand, up $24.5 million (26.0%) to $118.5 million due to increased imports of sugar;
  • Tonga, up $0.3 million (235.5%) to $0.4 million due to increased imports of kava;
  • Tuvalu, down $0.3 million (61.0%) to $0.2 million due to decreased imports of fresh fish;
  • United Kingdom, up $3.0 million (10.7%) to $31.4 million due to increased imports of pharmaceutical
    products;
  • United States, down $59.2 million (31.6%) to $128.0 million due to decreased imports of pharmaceutical
    products;
  • Vanuatu, up $0.8 million (18.2%) to $5.2 million due to increased imports of fresh fish;
  • Vietnam, down $1.4 million (4.7%) to $27.9 million due to decreased imports of semi-milled or wholly
    milled rice and
  • Wallis & Futuna, down $0.2 million (94.8%) to $0.01 million due to decreased imports of other iron and
    steel.


PRINCIPAL IMPORT COMMODITIES

imtsDec15e

Performance of Fiji’s principal import commodities given in Table 10 for the year 2015 shows growth in the imports of (Refer Graph IV):

  • Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, spirits & tobacco by 12.2 per cent and
  • Textiles and textile articles by 8.1 per cent.

Decreases were recorded in the imports of:

  • Vehicles by 32.6 per cent;
  • Mineral products by 28.0 per cent;
  • Wood pulp, paper & paperboard by 22.4 per cent;
  • Live animals: animal products by 18.0 per cent;
  • Machinery & mechanical & electrical appliances & parts thereof by 12.8 per cent;
  • Plastic, rubber & articles thereof by 9.1 per cent;
  • Vegetable products by 4.8 per cent;
  • Chemicals and allied products by 4.6 per cent and
  • Base metals & articles thereof by 1.4 per cent

DOMESTIC EXPORTS

imtsDec15f


The percentage breakdown of major domestic export types as categorized by the HS codes are as follows;

Table 2: Major contributors to Domestic Exports (FJD Millions)

imtsDec15g


Compared to 2014, the domestic export categories recording notable increases were:

  • Live animals: animal products [HS 01-05], up $22.8 million (32.8%) to $92.6 million due to increased domestic exports of fresh fish;
  • Vegetable products [HS 06 -14], up $14.8 million (17.7%) to $98.6 million due to increased domestic exports of kava;
  • Textiles & textile articles [HS 50-63], up $8.0 million (7.4%) to $116.9 million due to increased domestic exports of garments and
  • Pearls, precious, semi-precious stones & metals [HS 71], up $10.2 million (10.8%) to $104.7 million due to increased domestic exports of gold.

Compared to 2014, the domestic export category recording a notable decrease was:

  • Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, spirits & tobacco [HS 16–24], down $35.4 million (6.8%) to $482.6 million due to decreased domestic exports of sugar.

imtsDec15h

For the year 2015, Fiji’s major domestic export destinations (Refer Graph VI) were:

  • United States of America, up $21.6 million (8.5%) to $274.9 million due to increased exports of mineral water;
  • Australia, up $20.7 million (9.1%) to $248.4 million due to increased exports of gold;
  • New Zealand, down $3.8 million (6.0%) to $58.6 million due to decreased exports of dalo;
  • Vanuatu, up $12.3 million (33.3%) to $49.1 million due to increased exports of flour and
  • China–People’s Republic, up $9.6 million (25.7%) to $47.0 million due to increased exports of fresh fish.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other major domestic export destinations were:

  • China-Taiwan, down $7.6 million (56.1%) to $6.0 million due to decreased exports of coconut oil;
  • Cook Islands, up $0.9 million (32.8%) to $3.5 million due to increased exports of flour;
  • France, down $1.2 million (75.0%) to $0.4 million due to decreased exports of personal and household effects;
  • French Polynesia, down $0.6 million (8.5%) to $6.8 million due to decreased exports of flour;
  • Germany, Federal Republic, down $1.1 million (23.3%) to $3.5 million due to decreased exports of ginger;
  • Hong Kong, down $1.8 million (6.9%) to $24.6 million due to decreased exports of fresh fish;
  • India, down $1.0 million (70.4%) to $0.4 million due to decreased exports of gold;
  • Indonesia, down $1.0 million (48.8%) to $1.1 million due to decreased exports of mineral water;
  • Japan, up $3.1 million (8.4 %) to $40.4 million due to increased exports of woodchips;
  • Kiribati, up $4.1 million (18.7%) to $25.9 million due to increased exports of flour;
  • Korea, Republic of, down $1.4 million (31.9%) to $3.0 million due to decreased exports of waste and scrap metals;
  • Malaysia, down $0.7 million (18.4%) to $3.3 million due to decreased exports of crude oil;
  • New Caledonia, up $0.1 million (2.3%) to $5.1 million due to increased exports of cartons, boxes and cases;
  • Papua New Guinea, up $5.0 million (28.9%) to $22.3 million due to increased exports of canned fish;
  • Samoa, up $6.5 million (32.6%) to $26.3 million due to increased exports of flour;
  • Singapore, down $2.7 million (47.0%) to $3.1 million due to decreased exports of gold;
  • Solomon Islands, down $0.3 million (2.2%) to $13.3 million due to decreased exports of sweet biscuits;
  • Thailand, down $0.6 million (30.5%) to $1.3 million due to decreased exports of fresh fish;
  • Tonga, up $5.5 million (27.4%) to $25.6 million due to increased exports of flour;
  • Tuvalu, up $2.9 million (39.2%) to $10.2 million due to increased exports of flour;
  • Vietnam, up $1.5 million (105.5%) to $3.0 million due to increased exports of fresh fish and
  • Wallis & Futuna, down $1.4 million (15.1%) to $7.8 million due to decreased exports of flour.

PRINCIPAL DOMESTIC EXPORT COMMODITIES

imtsDec15i

 

Performance of Fiji’s principal domestic export commodities given in Table 9 for the year 2015 shows a growth in the exports of (Refer Graph VII):

  • Ginger by 45.3 per cent;
  • Folding cartons, boxes and cases by 33.5 per cent;
  • Fish by 29.6 per cent;
  • Uncooked pasta by 24.0 per cent;
  • Kava by 17.0 per cent;
  • Garments by 8.8 per cent;
  • Mineral water by 7.2 per cent;
  • Flour by 4.9 per cent;
  • Coral & similar materials by 3.8 per cent;
  • Gold by 2.2 per cent and
  • Footwear and headgear by 0.6 per cent.

Decreases were recorded in the exports of:

  • Sugar by 28.3 per cent;
  • Corned meat of bovine animals by 18.8 per cent;
  • Coconut oil by 13.1 per cent;
  • Textiles, yarn & made up articles by 10.9 per cent;
  • Sweet biscuits by 6.8 per cent;
  • Fruits and vegetables by 5.7 per cent;
  • Molasses by 2.3 per cent and
  • Timber & cork & wood by 2.1 per cent.

RE-EXPORTS

imtsDec15j

The percentage breakdowns of major re-export types as categories by the Harmonized System (HS) codes are as follows;

Table 3: Major contributors to Re-exports (FJD Millions)

imtsDec15k

Compared to 2014, there were no notable increases for re-export categories.

Compared to 2014, the re-export categories recording notable decreases were:

  • Mineral products [HS 25–27], down $183.1 million (30.3%) to $420.7 million due to decreased re-exports of gas oil (diesel);
  • Machinery & mechanical & electrical appliances & parts thereof [HS 84-85], down $103.6 million (73.9%) to $36.5 million due to decreased re-exports of solar cells;
  • Live animals: animal products [HS 01-05], down $100.5 million (43.0%) to $133.0 million due to decreased re-exports of fresh fish;
  • Vehicles, aircrafts & associated transport equipment [HS 86-89], down $42.3 million (54.4%) to $35.4 million due to decreased re-exports of vehicles and
  • Base metals & articles thereof [HS 72–83], down $16.3 million (34.1%) to $31.5 million due to decreased re-exports of articles of iron and steel.

 

imtsDec15l

For the year 2015, Fiji’s major re-export destinations (Refer Graph IX) were:

  • Tonga, down $6.6 million (8.4%) to $72.1 million due to decreased re-exports of gas oil (diesel);
  • Kiribati, down $5.1 million (9.7%) to $47.6 million due to decreased re-exports of light oils and preparations;
  • China - People’s Republic, down $59.3 million (60.6%) to $38.6 million due to decreased re-exports of vehicles;
  • Australia, down $15.9 million (30.3%) to $30.6 million due to decreased re-exports of sheet piling and
  • Japan, down $31.3 million (49.0%) to $32.5 million due to decreased re-exports of fresh fish.

 

 

 

 

 

FIJI’S TRADE WITH ITS MAJOR TRADING PARTNERS

Surpluses were recorded with:

  • United Kingdom, down $120.0 million (70.2%) to $50.9 million;
  • Tuvalu, down $67.1 million (77.3%) to $19.7 million;
  • United States of America, up $91.2 million (89.1%) to $193.7 million;
  • Papua New Guinea, up $4.4 million (17.3%) to $30.0 million;
  • Cook Islands, down $4.5 million (15.2%) to $25.3 million;
  • Kiribati, down $0.3 million (0.4%) to $73.0 million;
  • Samoa, down $4.2 million (8.8%) to $43.3 million;
  • Tonga, down $1.4 million (1.4%) to $97.3 million;
  • Wallis & Futuna, down $13.2 million (38.4%) to $21.2 million;
  • Vanuatu, up $11.5 million (25.1%) to $57.3 million;
  • Solomon Islands, down $3.2 million (16.0%) to $17.0 million;
  • New Caledonia, down $0.7 million (4.0%) to $17.4 million and
  • French Polynesia, down $0.7 million (8.4%) to $7.5 million.

Deficits were recorded with:

  • France, down $93.5 million (79.9%) to $23.4 million;
  • Singapore, down $584.1 million (41.6%) to $820.7 million;
  • Malaysia, down $90.7 million (53.3%) to $79.4 million;
  • New Zealand, down $42.5 million (7.4%) to $535.9 million;
  • China-People’s Republic, up $62.5 million (12.8 %) to $550.8 million;
  • Thailand, up $41.6 million (56.8%) to $115.0 million;
  • Australia, down $46.3 million (10.7%) to $387.1 million;
  • Korea, Republic of, up $179.5 million (194.8%) to $271.7 million;
  • Hong Kong, down $9.1 million (11.6%) to $69.4 million;
  • India, down $88.8 million (89.9%) to $9.9 million;
  • Indonesia, down $6.2 million (13.9%) to $38.7 million;
  • Vietnam, down $2.7 million (14.7%) to $15.5 million;
  • Germany, Federal Republic, down $4.9 million (22.3%) to $17.2 million;
  • China -Taiwan, up $21.4 million (50.9%) to $63.5 million and
  • Japan, up $70.3 million (116.5%) to $130.7 million.

Click here for related tables


For Technical Notes refer to page 29.

For further enquiries please contact Mrs. Veenita Miller on email: or telephone 331 5822 (ext. 386 241) or direct line 323 0841.

The International Merchandise Trade Statistics for January 2016 will be released in June 2016.