International Merchandise Trade

FBoS Release No: 26, 2018
23rd April 2018


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Provisional data put the value of goods imported in 2017 at $4,977.5 million while the value of total exports was $2,054.2 million. (Refer Graph I).

Compared to 2016, total imports and total exports increased by $138.3 million (2.9%) and $117.6 million (6.1%) respectively.

The 2017 trade deficit amounted to $2,923.3 million compared to $2,902.6 million a year earlier (2016).

 

 

HIGHLIGHTS

IMPORTS

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The percentage breakdown of major import types as categorized by the Harmonized System (HS) codes are as follows;

Table 1: Major contributors to Imports FJD [Millions]

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Compared to 2016, the import categories recording notable increases were:

  • Mineral products [HS 25-27], up $207.1 million (27.0%) to $972.9 million due to increased imports of gas oil (diesel);
  • Base metals & articles thereof [HS 72-83], up $22.7 million (6.8%) to $356.4 million due to increased imports of articles of iron or steel;
  • Animal or vegetable oils & fats [HS 15], up $8.9 million (15.6%) to $66.0 million due to increased imports of other palm oil and it fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified;
  • Vegetable products [HS 06-14], up $8.5 million (3.1%) to $279.1 million due to increased imports of potatoes; and
  • Miscellaneous manufactured articles [HS 94-96], up $6.0 million (4.3%) to $144.6 million due to increased imports of sanitary towels (pads) and tampons, napkins and napkin liners for babies and similar artless, of any materials.

Compared to 2016, the import categories recording notable decreases were:

  • Vehicles, aircraft & associated transport equipment [HS 86-89], down $85.1 million (14.7%) to $495.7 million due to decreased imports of used or reconditioned passenger motor cars;
  • Wood, cork & articles thereof & plaiting materials [HS 44-46], down $23.6 million (43.5%) to $30.6 million due to decreased imports of other articles of wood;
  • Textiles and textile articles [HS 50-63], down $22.3 million (9.5%) to $211.6 million due to decreased imports of textiles;
  • Plastic, rubber & articles thereof [HS 39-40], down $12.2 million (4.6%) to $253.8 million due to decreased imports of new pneumatic tyres; and
  • Articles of stone, plaster cement, glass & ceramic products [HS 68-70], down $5.6 million (8.7%) to $58.5 million due to decreased imports of tiles, cubes and similar articles.

 

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For the year 2017, Fiji’s major sources of imports (Refer Graph III) were:

  • Singapore, up $208.0 million (28.0%) to $951.9 million due to increased imports of gas oil (diesel);
  • New Zealand, up $15.2 million (1.8%) to $858.1 million due to increased imports of lamb;
  • Australia, down $14.6 million (1.7%) to $825.6 million due to decreased imports of wheat and meslin;
  • * China - People’s Republic, up $40.6 million (5.5%) to $782.5 million due to increased imports of fresh fish; and
  • Korea, Republic of, up $34.5 million (21.2%) to $197.5 million due to increased imports of residual fuel oil.

 

* Imports of fresh fish from China – People’s Republic refer to fish caught outside Fiji’s EEZ (High seas) by fishing vessels identified according to the country of registration.

Import trade with other countries were:

  • China-Taiwan, up $3.3 million (3.5%) to $96.2 million due to increased imports of other polymers of Styrene, in primary forms;
  • Cook Islands, up $0.5 million (133.9%) to $0.9 million due to increased imports of other vessels for the transport of goods and other vessels for the transport of both persons and goods;
  • France, down $12.8 million (27.6%) to $33.8 million due to decreased imports of dish washing machines of the household type;
  • French Polynesia, down $0.08 million (84.9%) to $0.01 million due to decreased imports of other articles of           fibers;
  • Germany, Federal Republic, down $3.1 million (14.8%) to $17.6 million due to decreased imports of electrical apparatus for switching or protecting electrical circuits;
  • Hong Kong, up $7.5 million (5.9%) to $134.3 million due to increased imports of sardines;
  • India, up $10.2 million (9.5%) to $117.4 million due to increased imports of pharmaceutical products;
  • Indonesia, up $0.8 million (1.6%) to $52.3 million due to increased imports of pharmaceutical products;
  • Japan, down $141.6 million (42.6%) to $190.5 million due to decreased imports of fresh fish;
  • Kiribati, up $3.1 million (228.0%) to $4.5 million due to increased imports of copra;
  • Malaysia, down $10.1 million (8.8%) to $104.5 million due to decreased imports of crude oil;
  • New Caledonia, up $0.7 million (122.3%) to $1.2 million due to increased imports of lubricating oil;
  • Papua New Guinea, down $0.3 million (2.5%) to $10.3 million due to decreased imports of textile materials;
  • Samoa, up $0.2 million (58.5%) to $0.5 million due to increased imports of other instruments for surveying;
  • Spain, up $2.6 million (78.1%) to $5.8 million due to increased imports of other semiconductor media;
  • Solomon Islands, down $1.3 million (25.7%) to $3.6 million due to decreased imports of fresh fish;
  • Thailand, down $12.6 million (10.1%) to $112.9 million due to decreased imports of semi milled wholly milled rice;
  • Tonga, up $0.2 million (80.8%) to $0.4 million due to increased imports of other vegetable products not else classified;
  • Tuvalu, down $0.03 million (42.2%) to $0.04 million due to decreased imports of personal and household effects;
  • United Kingdom, down $2.7 million (6.3%) to $39.4 million due to decreased imports of bank and currency notes;
  • United States of America, up $7.6 million (5.6%) to $142.1 million due to increased imports of pharmaceutical products;
  • Vanuatu, up $10.8 million (215.6%) to $15.9 million due to increased imports of kava;
  • Vietnam, up $5.2 million (13.7%) to $43.0 million due to increased imports of  semi-milled or wholly milled rice; and
  • Wallis & Futuna, down $0.02 million (50.0%) to $0.02 million due to decreased imports of other textile materials.

PRINCIPAL IMPORT COMMODITIES

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Performance of Fiji’s principal import commodities given in Table 10 for the year 2017 shows growth in the imports of (Refer Graph IV):

  • Mineral products by 27.0 percent;
  • Base metals & articles thereof by 6.8 percent;
  • Vegetable products by 3.1 percent.;
  • Wood pulp, paper & paperboard by 1.3 percent;
  • Live animals: animal products by 1.2 percent;
  • Chemicals and allied products by 1.2 percent; and
  • Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, spirits & tobacco by 0.8 percent.

Decreases were recorded in the imports of: 

  • Vehicles, and parts and accessories thereof by 28.6 percent;
  • Textiles and textile articles by 9.5 percent.
  • Plastic, rubber & articles thereof by 4.6 percent; and
  • Machinery, mechanical & electrical appliance by 0.1 percent.

 

DOMESTIC EXPORTS

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The percentage breakdown of major domestic export types as categorized by the Harmonized System (HS) codes are as follows;

Table 2: Major contributors to Domestic Exports FJD [Millions]

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Compared to 2016, the domestic export categories recording notable increases were:

  • Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, spirits & tobacco [HS 16-24], up $148.4 million (33.2%) to $595.1 million due to increased exports of sugar;
  • Chemicals and allied products [HS 28-38], up $6.9 million (27.9%) to $31.7 million due to increased exports of other paints and varnishes; and
  • Vehicles, aircraft & associated transport equipment [HS 86-89], up $5.2 million (172.2%) to $8.3 million due to increased exports of lead acid for motor vehicles

Compared to 2016, the domestic export categories recording notable decreases were:

  • Wood, cork & articles thereof & plaiting materials [HS 44-46], down $37.1 million (58.0%) to $26.8 million due to decreased exports of woodchips;
  • Live animals: animal products [HS 01-05], down $19.7 million (17.4%) to $93.9 million due to decreased exports of albacore or long finned tunas;
  • Textiles & textile articles [HS 50-63], down $11.9 million (10.9%) to $97.2 million due to decreased exports of articles of textiles;
  • Pearls, precious, semi-precious stones & metals [HS 71], down $8.4 million (6.5%) to $120.9 million due to decreased exports of gold; and
  • Mineral products [HS 25-27], down $6.8 million (24.0%) to $21.7 million due to decreased exports of other Portland cement.

 

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For the year 2017, Fiji’s major domestic export   destinations (Refer Graph VI) were:

  • United States of America, up $35.3 million (12.3%) to $323.4 million due to increased exports of mineral water;
  • Australia, down $11.8 million (4.5%) to $247.5 million due to decreased exports of gold;
  • United Kingdom, up $33.2 million (47.1%) to $103.8 million due to increased exports of sugar;
  • Spain, up $72.5 million (4,628.5%) to $74.0 million due to increased exports of sugar; and
  • New Zealand, up $0.9 million (1.4%) to $66.4 million due to increased exports of kava.

 

 Other major domestic export destinations were:

  • China – People’s Republic, down $26.3 million (65.8%) to $13.7 million due to decreased exports of fresh fish;
  • China-Taiwan, down $0.2 million (1.2%) to $17.0 million due to decreased exports of fresh fish;
  • Cook Islands, up $0.2 million (7.1%) to $3.3 million due to increased exports of uncooked sweet biscuits;
  • France, up $3.4 million (782.1%) to $3.8 million due to increased exports of fresh fish;
  • French Polynesia, up $0.7 million (9.4%) to $8.5 million due to increased exports of folding cartons, boxes and cases, of non-corrugated paper or paperboard;
  • Germany, Federal Republic, up $0.2 million (4.9%) to $3.5 million due to increased exports of fresh fsh;
  • Hong Kong, down $9.4 million (35.6%) to $17.0 million due to decreased exports of other sea urchins;
  • India, down $0.4 million (32.1%) to $0.8 million due to decreased exports of personal and household effects;
  • Indonesia, down $0.9 million (71.3%) to $0.4 million due to decreased exports of mineral water;
  • Japan, down $9.5 million (30.1%) to $22.0 million due to decreased exports of woodchips
  • Kiribati, up $0.9 million (3.8%) to $23.4 million due to increased exports of sugar;
  • Korea, Republic of, up $1.8 million (63.9%) to $4.5 million due to increased exports of mineral water;
  • Malaysia, up $2.6 million (138.8%) to $4.5 million due to increased exports of crude, soya bean oil;
  • New Caledonia, up $0.9 million (21.2%) to $5.2 million due to increased exports of cartons, boxes and cases;
  • Papua New Guinea, down $3.7 million (20.3%) to $14.6 million due to decreased exports of flour;
  • Samoa, up $0.05 million (0.1%) to $35.0 million due to increased exports of flour;
  • Singapore, down $0.2 million (4.4%) to $3.4 million due to decreased exports of mineral water;
  • Solomon Islands, up $1.7 million (8.9%) to $21.3 million due to increased exports of sweet biscuits;
  • Thailand, up $7.8 million (260.0%) to $10.7 million due to increased exports of fresh fish;
  • Tonga, down $0.9 million (3.2%) to $25.4 million due to decreased exports of sweet flour;
  • Tuvalu, up $4.2 million (51.4%) to $12.5 million due to increased exports of kava;
  • Vanuatu, down $1.0 million (1.8%) to 55.7 million due to decreased exports of flour;
  • Vietnam, down $1.1 million (18.8%) to $4.7 million due to decreased exports of fresh fish; and
  • Wallis & Futuna, up $0.2 million (2.0%) to $9.0 million due to increased exports of other preparations of a kind used in animal feedings.

 

 

PRINCIPAL DOMESTIC EXPORT COMMODITIES

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Performance of Fiji’s principal domestic export commodities given in Table 9 for the year 2017 shows a growth   

  in the exports of (Refer Graph VII):

  • Molasses by 243.2 percent;
  •  Aluminum ores (bauxite) by 106.6%;
  • Sugar by 89.2 percent;
  •  Corned meat of bovine animals by 50.7 percent;
  • Kava by 37.9 percent;
  • Folding cartons, boxes and cases by 26.0 percent; 
  •  Fruits and vegetables by 23.9 percent;
  • Uncooked pasta by 23.5 percent;
  • Mineral water by 13.6 percent;
  •  Biscuits (except sweet biscuits) 12.7% percent; and
  • Coral & similar materials by 5.7 percent.

Decreases were recorded in the exports of:

  • Ginger by 62.2 percent;
  • Timber, cork & wood by 58.0 percent; 
  • Coconut oil by 21.5 percent;
  • Fish by 17.0 percent;
  • Sweet biscuits by 16.4 percent;    
  •  Footwear and headgear by 14.1 percent;
  • Garments by 10.9 percent;
  • Flour by 7.8 percent;
  • Textiles yarn & made up articles by 6.0 percent; and
  • Gold by 2.0 percent.

 

RE-EXPORTS

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The percentage breakdowns of major re-export types as categories by the Harmonized System (HS) codes are as follows;

Table 3: Major contributors to Re-exports FJD [Millions]

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Compared to 2016, the re-export categories recording notable increases were:

  • Machinery & mechanical & electrical appliances & parts thereof [HS 84-85], up $47.5 million (50.7%) to $141.3 million due to increased re-exports of television cameras, video cameras and digital cameras;
  • Live animals: animal products [HS 01-05], up $35.5 million (22.1%) to $196.4 million due to increased re-exports of fresh fish;
  • Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, spirits & tobacco [HS 16-24], up $8.7 million (42.8%) to $29.1 million due to increased re-exports of cigarettes containing tobacco; and
  • Pearls, precious, semi-precious stones & metals [HS 71], up $7.6 million (279.5%) to $10.4 million due to increased re-exports of precious metal whether or not plated or clad with precious metal.

Compared to 2016, the re-export categories recording notable decreases were:

  • Mineral products [HS 25–27], down $22.3 million (6.3%) to $334.1 million due to decreased re-exports of aviation or turbine fuel;
  • Photographic & optical, medical & surgical goods & clocks/watches & musical instruments [HS 90–92], down $15.8 million (68.9%) to $7.1 million due to decreased re-exports of parts and accessories for surveying;
  • Vehicles, aircraft & associated transport equipment [HS 86–89], down $6.8 million (19.2%) to $28.6 million due to decreased re-exports of other parts of aero planes or helicopters; and
  • Chemicals and allied products [HS 28–38], down $5.8 million (21.5%) to $21.1 million due to decreased re-exports of pharmaceutical products.

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For the year 2017, Fiji’s major re-export   destinations (Refer Graph IX) were:

  • China - People’s Republic, up $24.4 million (40.9%) to $83.9 million due to increased re-exports of fresh fish;
  • New Zealand, down $2.7 million (3.8%) to $67.8 million due to decreased re-exports of containers for compressed or liquefied gas, of iron or steel;
  • Tonga, up $10.4 million (18.8%) to $65.7 million due to increased re-exports of gas oil (diesel);
  • Australia, up $23.3 million (74.6%) to $54.4 million due to increased re-exports of barbed wire of iron or steel; and
  • United States of America, down $13.5 million (22.5%) to $46.5 million due to decreased re-exports of television cameras, digital cameras and video cameras recorders.

 

FIJI’S TRADE WITH ITS MAJOR TRADING PARTNERS

 Surpluses were recorded with:

  • Spain, up $70.8 million (4,135.2%) to $69.0 million;
  • United Kingdom, up $34.8 million (113.4%) to $65.5 million;
  • Vanuatu, down $26.7 million (35.0%) to $49.5 million;
  • Kiribati, down $19.4 million (30.3%) to $44.8 million;
  • Papua New Guinea, down $16.7 million (66.3%) to $8.5 million;
  • United States of America, up $14.2 million (6.7%) to $227.8 million;
  • New Caledonia, up $10.2 million (151.1%) to $17.0 million;
  • Tonga, up $9.4 million (11.5%) to $90.7 million;
  • Cook Island, up $4.3 million (20.4%) to $25.7 million;
  • French Polynesia, up $4.2 million (48.8%) to $12.8 million;
  • Solomon Islands, up $3.7 million (19.2%) to $23.1 million;
  • Tuvalu, up $2.9 million (15.6%) to $21.6 million;
  • Samoa, up $1.4 million (2.9%) to $48.4 million; and
  • Wallis & Futuna, up $0.7 million (3.3%) to $20.5 million.

Deficits were recorded with:

  • Singapore, down $203.8 million (27.8%) to $937.4 million;
  • Japan, up $148.4 million (54.6%) to $123.6 million;
  • China-People’s Republic, down $42.5 million (6.6%) to $684.9 million;
  • Korea, Republic of, down $31.2 million (19.8%) to $189.0 million;
  • Australia, up $26.1 million (4.7%) to $523.6 million;
  • Thailand, up $22.2 million (19.5%) to $91.6 million;
  • France, up $20.8 million (45.6%) to $24.7 million;
  • Hong Kong, down $20.3 million (21.5%) to $114.5 million;
  • China -Taiwan, up $19.0 million (28.0%) to $48.8 million;
  • India, up $17.2 million (16.4%) to $87.9 million;
  • New Zealand, down $16.9 million (2.4%) to $724.0 million;
  • Vietnam, down $14.4 million (78.0%) to $32.9 million;
  • Malaysia, up $12.9 million (11.5%) to $99.4 million;
  • Germany, Federal Republic, up $3.0 million (17.8%) to $14.0 million; and
  • Indonesia, down $1.6 million (3.2%) to $51.5 million.

 

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The International Merchandise Trade Statistics for January 2018 will be released in April 2018.