Vital Statistics

FBoS Release No: 99, 2017   

30th December 2017


Vital Statistics covers the number of registered events such live births, deaths, marriages and their related rates. The information is obtained from administrative records of the Registrar General’s Office and the Ministry of Health. Information on vital events registered for the years 2010 to 2014 are presented in this release.

BIRTHS:

Table 1 below presents the number of Births by Sex for the period 2010 to 2014. An unusually high 22,220 births was recorded for the year 2010, compared to 19,547 for 2011, 18,434 for 2012, 18,633 for 2013 and an estimated 18,251 for 2014.

The Male and Female share of births has been consistent at over 51% and less than 49% respectively.

Table 1: Total Births by Sex, 2010 – 2014

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Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
The Crude Birth Rate is derived by dividing the total number of births in a given year by the estimated population and then multiplying it by 1,000. The rate was 22.6 live births per 1,000 persons in 2011, with the 2012 and 2013 rates being 21.9 and 20.5 respectively. The table below indicates a slight decrease in Fiji’s CBR.

Table 2: Crude birth rate by 3 year aggregate for total population

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Sex Ratio
In demography, the sex ratio is the ratio of Males to Females in a population and they are either at birth or in the population as a whole.

Table 3 below shows that the Sex Ratio at Birth was 106 Male Births to 100 Female Births in 2011, with the years 2012 and 2013 giving a figure of 107 Male Births to every 100 Female Births. The Sex Ratio for the Total Population was 104 Males to every 100 Females.

Table 3: Sex Ratio

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Age Specific Fertility Rate
The fertility rates below have been computed from information accessed from the Births, Deaths and Marriages (BDM) System and also the Ministry of Health’s Births data.

The Age-Specific Fertility Rate (ASFR) is the number of live births per 1000 women in the reproductive age group 15-49.
Table 4 that follows shows that a woman will on average have 3 children in her lifetime. The Total Fertility Rate for 2011 is 2.90 declining to 2.84 and 2.71 for 2012 and 2013 respectively. The figures indicate no significant change in Fiji’s Total Fertility Rate which is around three children for every Female going through their reproductive age.

Table 4: Age Specific Fertility Rate by age groups for Total Population, 2011 – 2013

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The age specific fertility rates for the years 2011, 2012 and 2013 are presented in Graph 1 that follows. Most births occur in the age group 20-24 and a slight decrease is evident over the three years reported above.

Graph 1: Age Specific Fertility Rate

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DEATHS
When a death takes place, it becomes the duty of any relative of the deceased or any person present at the death or occupier of the house where the death occurred or any person who undertakes to cremate or bury the dead, to register the event. The Ministry of Health’s death data presented in Table 5 that follows shows that there is a significant gender differential in the number of deaths with an average of 837 more Male deaths over the three years reported.

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Age Specific Death Rates
The Age Specific Death Rate is the number of deaths for every 1,000 population for a specific age group in a given period. Graph 2 that follows illustrates the typical model of death rates by age. In the 0 – 4 age group, children have a high risk of death and thereafter the mortality rate decreases before increasing significantly from age 35 and above.

Graph 2: Age Specific Death Rates by Age group, 2011 - 2013

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Life expectancy at birth
The Average Life Expectancy at Birth is defined as the average number of years that a new-born could expect to live if he or she were to pass through life subject to the age-specific mortality rates of a given period. For Males the figure was 66.3 in 2011, 66.2 in 2012 and 66.3 in 2013. However the Average Female Life Expectancy at Birth increased from 69.8 in 2011 to 70.1in 2012 and 70.4 in 2013.
Further details are provided in Table 6 with Graph 3 providing a comparison with two developed and one developing Pacific Island country. The life expectancy of the developed countries is distinctly higher over all age groups, narrowing slightly from age 65 and over. When compared to Samoa’s Life Expectancy by age, the difference is at the lowest and highest age groups

Table 6: Life Expectancy by Age Group, 2011 - 2013

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Graph 3: Life Expectancy by Age for Selected Countries

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Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
The Infant Mortality Rate indicates the number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Fiji’s IMR had fluctuated between the three periods below. The Infant Mortality Rate is the number of infant deaths per 1000 live births. The IMR was 15.6 in 2011, 16.6 in 2012 and 15.9 in 2013.

Table 7. Infant Mortality Rate, 2011-2013

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MARRIAGES
Marriage is an important determinant of fertility. The number of persons who marry, or who do not, the ages at which men and women first marry, the frequency of widowhood and of divorce, all have a bearing upon the number of children born. For fertility purposes, persons living as husband and wife are regarded as married even if not legally married, however, for this section, only legal marriages have been compiled and presented.

 Marriage by Age of Participants
Table 8 below shows that there are about 25,000 registered marriages annually with the majority occurring in the age group 25- 29 followed by those in the age group 20-24.

Table 8: Number of Registered Marriages by Age of Participants, 2011 -2013

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Registered Marriages by Month

In the years 2011 to 2013, the highest number of marriages occurred in the month of May. Further details are presented in Table 5 that follows;

Table 9: Number of Registered Marriages by Month by 3 year aggregate

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Marriages by Previous Marital Status
Each year, about 83% of the brides and grooms are spinsters and bachelors while widows/widowers and divorcee’s account for about 2% and 14% respectively of total marriages. It is also to be noted that more grooms re-married compared to brides.

Table 10: Number of Registered Marriages by Previous Marital Status, 2010-2014

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For further enquiries, please contact Ms. Salanieta Tubuduadua on e-mail or Phone 3315822 (ext. 386 248).